Passacaglia; Fugue - Virgil Thomson - Louisiana Story / Five Portraits
Virgil Thomson November Passacaglia; Fugue - Virgil Thomson - Louisiana Story / Five Portraits— September 30, was Passacaglia; Fugue - Virgil Thomson - Louisiana Story / Five Portraits American composer and critic. He was instrumental in the development of the "American Sound" in classical music.
He has been described as a modernist     a neoromantic a neoclassicist and a composer of "an Olympian blend of humanity and detachment"  whose "expressive voice was always carefully muted" until his late opera Lord Byron which, in contrast to all his previous work, exhibited an emotional content that rises to "moments of real passion". Thomson was born in Kansas City, Missouri. During his youth he often played the organ in Grace Church, now Grace and Holy Trinity Cathedralas his piano teacher was the church's organist.
Fred M. His tours of Europe with the Harvard Glee Club helped nurture his desire to return there. At Harvard, Thomson focused his studies on the piano work of Erik Satie. He studied in Paris Piste Bleue - Para One - Epiphanie fellowship for a year, and after graduating lived in Paris from until In Paris inhe cemented a relationship with painter Maurice Grosserwho was to become his life partner and frequent collaborator.
Later he and Grosser lived at the Hotel Chelsea, where he presided over a largely gay salon that attracted many of the leading figures in music and art and theater, including Leonard BernsteinTennessee Williamsand many others.
Grosser died inthree years Passacaglia; Fugue - Virgil Thomson - Louisiana Story / Five Portraits Thomson. His most important friend from this period was Gertrude Steinwho was an artistic collaborator and mentor to him.
After meeting Stein in Paris inThomson invited her to prepare a libretto for an opera which he hoped to compose. Their collaboration resulted in the premier of the groundbreaking composition Four Saints in Three Acts in At the time, the opera was noted for its form, musical content and the portrayal of European saints by an all-black cast.
Thomson's contributions to music were not limited to the operatic stage, however. Thompson incorporated folk melodies and religious musical themes into the Jennifer Juniper - Sounds Orchestral - Images score and subsequently composed an orchestral suite of the same name which was recorded by Leopold Stokowski and the Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra in for RCA VictorFlaherty on the docufiction film Louisiana Storyfor which he received the Pulitzer Prize for music in Thomson's criticisms of Copland were phrased in terms that brought accusations of antisemitism, but Copland remained on good terms with him, and Thomson admitted his envy of Copland's greater success as a composer.
Thomson's definition of music was "that which musicians do",  and his views on music are radical in their insistence on reducing the rarefied aesthetics of music to market activity. He even went so far as to claim that the style a piece was written in could be most effectively understood as a consequence of its income source. Thomson became a sort of mentor and father figure to a new generation of American tonal composers such as Ned RoremPaul Bowles and Leonard Bernsteina circle united as much by their shared homosexuality as by their similar compositional sensibilities.
Thomson was a recipient of Yale University 's Sanford Medal. Thomson died on September 30,in his suite at the Hotel Chelsea in Manhattan, aged He had lived at the Chelsea for close to 50 years. Included among Thompson's compositions are: . Included among Virgil Thomson's publications are: . From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the composer. For the American author, see Virgil Thompson author.
Thomson inphotographed by Carl Van Vechten. Kansas City, MissouriU. New York, New YorkU. Symphony on a Hymn Tune Symphony No. String Quartet No. Musical Quarterly 72, no. PhD diss. Duke University. Ars Musica Denver 2, no. Musical Quarterly 35, no. Notessecond series, 6, no. Routledge, New York p. The Metropolitan Museum Wayforward - Thirst - Demo 1998 Art ; retrieved August 6, Chicago Tribune.
Retrieved 1 April Awards for Virgil Thomson. Kennedy Center Honorees s. Nathan Milstein Alwin Nikolais. Complete list s s s s s. National Medal of Arts recipients s. Elliott Carter Jr. Knox II. Fisher Armand Hammer Sydney Lewis. Freedberg Roger L. Complete list s s s s. Pulitzer Prize for Music — Complete list — Gimme Three Steps - Lynyrd Skynyrd - (Pronounced Lĕh-nérd Skin-nérd) — — — — — — Citations.
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