Hal* / C-Rock - Hal 9000/5
HAL is a fictional artificial intelligence character and the main antagonist in Arthur C. Clarke 's Space Odyssey series. Part of HAL's hardware is shown toward the end of the film, but he is mostly depicted as a camera lens containing a red or yellow dot, instances of which are located Hal* / C-Rock - Hal 9000/5 the ship. HAL speaks in a soft, calm voice and a conversational manner, in contrast to the crewmen, David Bowman and Frank Poole.
The activation year was in earlier screenplays and changed to in Clarke's novel written and released in conjunction with the movie. The film says this occurred inwhile the book gives as HAL's birth year. In A Space OdysseyHAL is initially considered a dependable member of the crew, maintaining ship functions and engaging genially with its human crew-mates on an equal footing. In the film, the artificial So Gone (Remix) - Various - Promo Only Urban Radio: August 03 is shown to triumph easily.
However, as time progresses, HAL begins to malfunction in subtle ways and, as a result, the decision is made to Hal* / C-Rock - Hal 9000/5 down HAL in order to prevent more serious malfunctions. The sequence of events and manner in which HAL is shut down differs between the novel and film versions of the story. In the aforementioned game of chess HAL makes minor and undetected mistakes in his analysis, a possible foreshadowing to HAL's malfunctioning.
In the film, astronauts David Bowman and Frank Poole consider disconnecting HAL's cognitive circuits when he appears to be mistaken in reporting the presence of a fault in the Hal* / C-Rock - Hal 9000/5 communications antenna. They attempt to conceal what they are saying, but are unaware that HAL can read their lips. Faced with the prospect of disconnection, HAL decides to kill the astronauts in order to protect and continue its programmed directives. When Bowman, without space helmet, uses another pod to attempt to rescue Poole, HAL locks him out of the ship, then disconnects the life support systems of the other hibernating crew members.
Bowman circumvents HAL's control, entering the ship by manually opening an emergency airlock with his service pod's clamps, detaching the pod door via its explosive bolts. Bowman jumps across empty space, reenters Discoveryand quickly re-pressurizes the airlock. While HAL's motivations are ambiguous in the film, the novel explains that the computer is unable to resolve a conflict between his general mission to relay information accurately, and orders specific to the mission requiring that he withhold from Bowman and Poole the true purpose of the mission.
This withholding is considered essential after the findings of a psychological experiment, Project Barsoomwhere humans were made to believe that there had been alien contact. In every person tested, a deep-seated xenophobia was revealed, which was unknowingly replicated in HAL's constructed personality.
Mission Control did not want the crew of Discovery to have their thinking compromised by the knowledge that alien contact was already real. With the crew dead, HAL reasons, he would not need to lie to them. Hal* / C-Rock - Hal 9000/5 Frank is killed while attempting to repair the communications antenna he is pulled away into deep space using the safety tether which is still attached to both the pod and Frank Poole's spacesuit.
Dave begins to revive his hibernating crew mates, but is foiled when HAL vents the ship's atmosphere into the vacuum of space, killing the awakening crew members and almost killing Bowman, who is only narrowly saved when he finds his way to an emergency chamber which has its own oxygen supply and a spare space suit inside.
In both versions, Bowman then proceeds to shut down the machine. In the film, HAL's central core is depicted as a crawlspace full of brightly lit computer modules mounted in arrays from which they can be inserted or removed. HAL finally reverts to material that was programmed into him early in his memory, including announcing the date he became operational as 12 January in the novel, When HAL's logic is completely gone, he begins singing the song " Daisy Hal* / C-Rock - Hal 9000/5 " and starts slowing down and changing pitch similar to an old electronic game running low on batteries.
Chandra, who arrives on the Soviet spaceship Leonov. Prior to leaving Earth, Dr. Whereas HAL was characterized as being "male", SAL is characterized as being "female" voiced by Candice Bergen and is represented by a blue camera eye instead of a red one. Chandra discovers that HAL's crisis was caused by a programming contradiction: he was constructed for "the accurate processing of information without distortion or concealment", yet his orders, directly from Dr.
Heywood Floyd at the National Council on Astronautics, required him to keep the discovery of the Monolith TMA-1 a secret for reasons of national security. Therefore, HAL made the decision to kill the crew, thereby allowing him to obey both his hardwired instructions to report data truthfully and in full, and his orders to keep the monolith a secret. In essence: if the crew were dead, he would no longer have to keep the information secret. The alien intelligence initiates a terraforming scheme, placing the Leonovand everybody in it, in danger.
Its human crew devises an escape plan which unfortunately requires leaving the Discovery and HAL behind to be destroyed. Chandra explains the danger, and HAL willingly sacrifices himself so that the astronauts may escape safely. In the moment of his destruction the monolith-makers transform HAL into a non-corporeal being so that David Bowman's avatar may have a companion.
The details in the novel and the film The Year We Make Contact are nominally the same, with a few exceptions. First, in contradiction to the book and events described in both book and film versions of A Space OdysseyHeywood Floyd is absolved of responsibility for HAL's condition; it is asserted that the decision to program HAL with information concerning TMA-1 came directly Monster - The Wind-Up Bird - Whips the White House.
In the film, HAL functions normally after being reactivated, while in the book it is revealed that his mind was Hal* / C-Rock - Hal 9000/5 during the shutdown, forcing him to begin communication through screen text. Also, in the film the Leonov crew initially lies to HAL about the dangers that he faced suspecting that if he knew he would be destroyed he would not initiate the engine-burn necessary to get the Leonov back homewhereas in the novel he is told at the outset.
However, in both cases the suspense comes from the question of what HAL will do when he knows that he may be destroyed by his actions. In the novel, the basic reboot sequence initiated by Dr. While Hal* / C-Rock - Hal 9000/5 tells Floyd that Dr. Chandra has begun designing the HALthe has not been mentioned in subsequent novels.
Clarke noted that the first film was criticized for not having any characters except for HAL, and that a great deal of the establishing Savanna Trip (Duke + Muto Remix) - DJ Juri - DJ Juri Remixes 2 on Earth was cut from the film and even from Clarke's novel.
The earliest draft depicted Socrates as a roughly humanoid robot, and is introduced as overseeing Project Morpheuswhich studied Hal* / C-Rock - Hal 9000/5 hibernation in preparation for long term space flight. As a demonstration to Senator Hal* / C-Rock - Hal 9000/5Socrates' designer, Dr. In a later version, in which Bowman and Whitehead are the non-hibernating crew of DiscoveryWhitehead dies outside the spacecraft after his pod collides with the main antenna, tearing it free.
This triggers the need for Bowman to revive Poole, but the revival does not go according to plan, and after briefly awakening, Poole dies. It Hal* / C-Rock - Hal 9000/5 be necessary to replace him with a spare unit. Athena refuses to allow him to leave the ship, citing "Directive 15" which prevents it from being left unattended, forcing him to make program All Of This And Nothing - Bouncing Souls* - Maniacal Laughter during which time the antenna drifts further.
During rehearsals Kubrick asked Stefanie Powers to supply the voice of HAL while searching for a suitably androgynous voice so the actors had something to react to. Stanley Kubrick chose to use the large Fairchild-Curtis lens to shoot the HAL POV shots because he needed a wide-angle fisheye lens that would fit onto his shooting camera, and this was the only lens at the time that would work.
A HAL face plate, without lens not the same as the hero face plates seen in the filmwas discovered in a junk shop in Paddington, London, in the early s by Chris Randall.
HAL's name, according to writer Arthur C. Clarke, is derived from H euristically programmed AL gorithmic computer. As it happened, Good Night White Pride - Loikaemie - III had given us a good deal of help, so we were quite embarrassed by this, and would have changed the name had we spotted the coincidence.
IBM was consulted during the making of the film and their logo can be seen on props in the film including the Pan Am Clipper 's cockpit instrument panel and on the lower arm keypad on Poole's space suit. During production it was brought to IBM's attention that the film's Baile De Los Morenos - Dogliotti* - Candombe included a homicidal computer but Hal* / C-Rock - Hal 9000/5 approved association with the film if it was clear any "equipment failure" was not related to their products.
The former president of HAL Communications, Bill Henry, has stated that this is a coincidence: "There was not and never has been any connection to 'Hal', Arthur Clarke's intelligent computer in the screen play '' — later published as a book. We were very surprised when the movie hit the Coed Theatre on campus and discovered that the movie's computer had our name. We never had any problems with that similarity - 'Hal' for the movie and 'HAL' all caps for our small company.
But, from time-to-time, we did have issues with others trying to use 'HAL'. That resulted in us paying lawyers. The offenders folded or eventually went out of business. Kelly's voice recorder synthesizer vocoder recreated the song " Daisy Bell ", with musical accompaniment from Max Mathews.
HAL's capabilities, like all the technology inwere based on the speculation of respected scientists. For example, AI pioneer Herbert A. Simon at Carnegie Mellon Universityhad predicted in that " machines will be capable, within twenty years, of doing any work a man can do ",  the overarching premise being that the issue was one of computational speed which Hal* / C-Rock - Hal 9000/5 predicted to increase rather than principle.
The th of the asteroids in the asteroid beltHaldiscovered on May 3, by E. Nintendo collaborator and development studio HAL Laboratory, developer of the Kirby video game series and previous Super Smash Bros video game titles, presumably adopted its name as a reference to HAL ; however, according to Satoru Iwata inthe name was chosen because each letter precedes the letters of "IBM" in the alphabet. However, similar to HAL, SAL loses control and becomes a tyrant bent on taking over the school and running it as his own.
He is finally stopped when main protagonists Theodore "T. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from SAL Fictional character in Arthur C. Clarke's Space Odyssey series. Film portal. Retrieved Archived from the original on June 29, Retrieved May 30, Bell Labs. Archived from the original on April 1, Retrieved January 8, National Recording Registry Adds Library of Congress.
June 23, Retrieved January 14, December 9, Retrieved Just Like I Treat You - Rod Stewart - Aint That Loving You Baby - Forevergold 14, Hal* / C-Rock - Hal 9000/5 via YouTube. The Lost Worlds of One from the Hart. Simon and Schuster. Stanley Kubrick: A Biography.
The film director as superstar. American Cinematographer.