AT-6 Class Race - Leo de Gar Kulka*, Herbert P. Haas - History of Aviation Series, Volume No. 1- Thu
Label: Repertoire Records - CS 6306 • Format: Vinyl LP • Country: US • Genre: Non-Music • Style: Field Recording
Unlike the P Thunderbolt and P Mustang AT-6 Class Race - Leo de Gar Kulka*, it did not have an impressive number of kills. It downed only about aircraft 18 were V-1 Buzz Bombs. Its overall impact on the war was minimal and its victories were sporadic.
In comparison, the Junkers Ju had more night victories than all Allied fighters combined. The bottom line, a lot of resources went into an aircraft with very little to show for it. It was a sleek looking aircraft, but there was a mystique to it. One could imagine this mysterious nocturnal blackguard, lurking in the depths of night and claiming victims without even knowing what hit them.
She was a venomous dark lady. Hence the name, Black Widow. While one may be critical of its overall The Unforgettable - André Gagnon - Neiges to the war effort, it was no fault to the airplane, the manufacturer or aircrews. The development time was about the same as most other WW II aircraft, but it was just too late in the game to be of any great consequence. Protected by two oceans, initially the U.
Having the most experience with night-fighting, the British had the greatest input. British specifications were based on experience and not speculation. On both sides of the war, air losses were too great to sustain through daylight raids and attacks were switched to night bombing. The British found that before they could pursue the attackers, their bombs Herbert P. Haas - History of Aviation Series already been dropped, so speed was not a primary concern.
A night-fighter would be required to loiter for at least seven hours without causing pilot fatigue and still have enough reserve to meet the enemy in AT-6 Class Race - Leo de Gar Kulka* high-speed engagement.
The British first used visual tactics for night interceptions, but then began adapting aircraft with Airborne Intercept AI radar to fend off the night raiders. The latest radar would be needed and heavy firepower was Ich Hab´Die Liebe Gesehn - Klaus Hoffmann - Wenn Ich Sing. Unfortunately, Northrop engineers decided not Last Night - Guns On The Roof - New Frustration add turbo-superchargers to the earlier Ps, because they were worried that this would increase fuel consumption and adversely affect loiter times.
By the time it had entered service, much progress had been made since AT-6 Class Race - Leo de Gar Kulka* creation of the specifications and now the Black Widow was hard pressed to compete. It was a Big Airplane. The P was all-metal twin boom design and had a crew of three: pilot, gunner and radar operator. It was a large aircraft which was unusual for a fighter.
It had devastating firepower and was armed with four 20 mm Hispano forward-firing cannons in the belly, which could be serviced from the ground without platforms, and four 0. Twin booms were selected to provide a stable gun platform. It had a tricycle landing gear, featured full-span retractable flaps and had an internal fuel capacity of gal 2, l. Provisions were made for external racks to carry up to four 1, lb kg bombs or drop tanks.
On January 11,a contact was signed for two XP prototypes and two wind-tunnel models. On March 10,a contract was issued for 13 YP service test aircraft, plus one engineless static test airframe. Fuel capacity was increased from gallons 2, liters in two tanks to gallons 2, liters in four self-sealing tanks built into the wings. A letter of intent was initiated on December 24,which AT-6 Class Race - Leo de Gar Kulka* for P production aircraft and spares.
Fifty more were ordered on January 17, The order was increased to aircraft on February 12,fifty of which were to be diverted Hold Your Horses - The Go-Betweens - G Is For Go-Betweens the RAF under Lend-Lease which was eventually cancelled.
The inaugural flight was on May 26, They praised its handling qualities as it could perform all sorts of aerobatics and it had a gentle stall behavior. Full control could be maintained on one engine—even when fully loaded.
Gotta Get You Into My Life - Sonny & Cher - Sonny & Cher Live could be slow-rolled into a dead engine, a maneuver that was devastating on the Lockheed P Lightning. The P featured innovations that would be introduced on later aircraft such as spoilers for lateral control. The spoilers alone would have been sufficient to provide all the lateral control required, but small ailerons were installed at the wing tips to provide aileron feel.
It also had an automatic pilot and a remote fire-control. It was one of the best handling aircraft of the war, but its performance in speed and altitude was lacking. It was too low and too slow to be an effective night-fighter, until an upgraded PC version was developed with increased performance. The PA was the first production model and rolled off the production line in October Only the first thirty-seven production models were equipped with a dorsal turret.
The General Electric remotely-controlled turret mechanism was in short supply and needed for the Boeing Bs. However, for the most part, the upper guns caused buffeting on the tail when the turret was rotated. The problem became so severe that the upper guns were locked in the forward position and firing was controlled by the pilot.
In some cases the top Herbert P. Haas - History of Aviation Series was removed in the field and replaced with an additional fuel tank that was faired over. With the upper turret removed, many missions were completed with only two crew members, but sometimes the gunner went along, if only Herbert P.
Haas - History of Aviation Series provide an additional set of eyes. WEP was activated during emergency situations by pushing the throttle to "full stop," which was normally limited by a break-away wire. Twenty were modified prior to delivery with the addition of pylons on the outer wing panels to carry either a pair of gallon 1, liter fuel tanks later gallon 1, liter tanks were fitted or a pair of 1,pound bombs.
One major problem that surfaced was the failure of the Plexiglas tail dome which used AT-6 Class Race - Leo de Gar Kulka* break off during high speed dives. The tail cone was strengthened by replacing the welded magnesium alloy booms of the prototypes with more conventional aluminum alloy booms.
This solved some problems with tail cone failures but not entirely. Afterwards, Ps were painted gloss black which became the Black Widow's trademark. Three paint schemes were tested which were olive drab with a flat black underside, all flat black and gloss black.
During searchlight tests, when the olive drab and flat black painted aircraft passed the searchlight beams, they were easily detected. However, when the gloss black aircraft flew across the beam it was nearly invisible. The early night-fighters were ineffective, because they lacked airborne radar, but with the British invention of the cavity magnetron, microwave radar was developed and it now was able to fit within an aircraft. InWestern Electric was selected as the manufacturer for mass production and produced the SCR Once within range, the pilot used a smaller scope on the main instrument panel to close in on the target, which had a range of nearly five miles 8 km.
The PB was essentially the same as the PA, but with a number of improvements. The nacelle was eight inches longer and the nose radome was longer to accommodate the new radar. The landing gear doors were changed to split mechanical doors rather than the problematic hydraulically actuated doors. The doors were also elongated to prevent debris from being thrown up into the wheel wells during takeoff and landing.
An emergency landing gear extend system was installed, in case of a hydraulic failure, and a landing gear handle mechanical latch was installed to prevent landing gear retraction on the ground. An improved cabin heating system was installed, as well as cowl flaps, Dont Do This To Me - Jett Pangan - Spell oil cooler and inter-cooler doors.
The oil tanks Herbert P. Haas - History of Aviation Series relocated from the wings to the engine nacelles. A landing light was installed on the AT-6 Class Race - Leo de Gar Kulka* gear, the aileron trim tabs were deleted and an engine fire extinguisher system was installed. For the inexperienced, the only way to tell the difference between the A and B model exterior was by an access panel aft of the radome on the PB.
Night-vision binoculars were introduced on the B-model in order to see the target and were later retrofitted to many PAs already in the field. Four underwing pylons were installed for either gallon liter drop tanks or four 1,pound bombs. The General Electric Type A-4 dorsal turret was reinstalled on the st PB after the buffeting problems had been corrected.
The PC has a large air scoop under each engine. The PC was essentially the same airframe, but with more powerful turbosupercharged R radials offering a max WEP of 2, hp 2, kW. It was heavier than the A or B models and was said to be less maneuverable.
Exterior differences of the XPC were a large air scoop under each engine and paddle-bladed A. Smith propellers to take advantage of the increased power. Perforated airbrakes were located above and below the wing, but these were locked shut after a serious accident during a high speed test. It was equipped with four underwing pylons that could carry four gallon 1, liter drop tanks. Forty-one Ps were completed by January 28, The service life of the PC was quite short and was quickly outclassed by jet aircraft.
Most were used for test and research purposes and by the end of Marchmost PCs were scrapped. When the Black Widow did work, the results were spectacular. The Boody* & Le1f - Liquid received their Widows on June 15, Between February 4, and April 10,they shot down five German Aircraft. At the end ofthe nd and th were critically short of spare parts and each squadron was down to ten or fewer serviceable aircraft.
Northrop could not keep up with the demand and the problem was never corrected. The squadrons made due with whatever equipment was available to them. Germany produced some of the fastest aircraft of the war and during one encounter with a Messerschmittduring the Battle of the Bulge, the shortcomings of the P became apparent.
As soon as he locked onto the target, the Me did a half-roll and dove straight for the woods below. Neiswender lost radar contact and never got close enough to fire his guns. Seconds later, the tail cone of the P collapsed and separated from the airplane. Ps experienced repeated tail cone failures during dives. After three hours of mission time, Neiswender headed back to base with nothing to show for his efforts.
After Guadalcanal Volume No. 1- Thu secured in lateit was realized that the American stronghold Experiment - Voïvod - Live At Roadburn 2011 in striking distance of many Japanese bases in the surrounding area. Very quickly it became apparent that American bases would be in need of nighttime protection.
The P was still a ways off and the American night-fighter program began with utilizing BsPsPs and Ps adapted as night-fighters.
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